The City, The Charm
Lying in the shadow of 2,914 meter-high active volcano Mount Merapi is the seat of the once mighty Javanese empire of Mataram Ngayogyakarto Hadiningrat, the city of Yogyakarta, sometimes called Jogja or Yogya. YSU is located in the center of Yogyakarta province which is known as a center of classical Javanese fine art and culture such as batik, sculpture, ceramic, ballet, drama, music, poetry and puppet shows. The city is a tapestry of Indonesian history since the kingdom tradition lives side by side with the colonial tales, leaving a wonderful signature in every building of the city and in every pulse of Yogyakartanese.
There are many valuable heritages that can be seen today as the inheritance of the past kingdoms (Mataram). Moreover, there are many art and culture centers in the city. Yogyakarta serves many tourism choices, including: natural tourism, historic tourism, educational tourism, and the newest tourism, ?night tourism?, such as night festivals and art exhibitions.
It also plays a tremendous role in the establishment of Indonesian Education as the city that has given birth to important figures and events in education. It has been well-known as a center for Indonesian higher education as there are more than 80 higher education institutions and hundreds of primary as well as secondary schools enchanting thousands of new students from all parts of Indonesia.
The People, The Pulse
As Yogyakarta is the main destination of students in Indonesia, the city is very dynamic with all walks of life. Here, we can see faces with diverse backgrounds and stories and experience the hospitality and the exoticism of Yogyakarta. Hence, the people have made Jogja a multicultural city as they brought their own tradition and culture to Yogyakarta once they left their home towns. This element shapes a layer of tolerance and understanding between the people and enriches the culture of Yogyakarta. Here, you can easily see all kinds of cultural entities from all places in Indonesia, even the world, in every corner of the street. As a city with a very thick and long history of Javanese culture, the people here are well-known for their warmth and hospitality. You will have no time to feel lonely as people here will greet you with smiles and make sure that you love their city as they do.
Jogja has two seasons along the year; the dry season is from May to September and the wet season is between October and April. The average daily temperature ranges between 22 oC and 30 oC, while the humidity is 65% to 85%. Generally, there is no rain from May to August and the weather is hot and humid in the day and cool in the night and early morning.
The population of Yogyakarta is approximately 3,390,000 and the average density is estimated to be 980,90 persons per square kilometer, spreading in the area of 3,186 km2.
The major language is Javanese while Bahasa Indonesia (the national language) is commonly spoken, too. Published tourist information is in English and in certain places such as Sultan Palace, there are many local guides who speak Javanese, English, Mandarin, Dutch, German, French, and Spanish fluently.
Local Time and Business Hours
Yogyakarta is on Western Indonesia Time: GMT +7 hours. Shops and markets are open from 9 a.m. until 9-10 p.m. Most local restaurants operate from 7 a.m. to 10-11 p.m. Office hours are from 8 a.m. until 4.30 p.m. for Monday to Thursday and 8 a.m. until 12 p.m. for Friday.